Edward Horlock Mortimer II (1786 – 1857)

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   1. His childhood

Edward Horlock Mortimer II was born at Trowbridge in 1786 and was the son of Edward Horlock Mortimer I (1752 – 1803) and Elizabeth Bythesea (1763 – 1826).1-5  He received a good education and matriculated on 17 April 1804 at the age of 18 years from Brasenose College, University of Oxford, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England.6,7 Trowbridge lies approximately 65 km north-east of Oxford.8 He was a still a very young man of about 17 years old when his father died.

Brasenose College was founded in 1509 by Sir Richard Sutton, a lawyer and William Smyth, Bishop of Lincoln. A Royal Charter, dated 1512, created the body of Principal and Fellows and established a College to be called ‘The King’s Hall and College of Brasenose’. The College’s unusual name refers to a twelfth century ‘brazen’ (brass or bronze) door knocker in the shape of a nose. Noses have been used as symbols for Brasenose College throughout its history.7

   2. His wife

2.1 Frances Lardner

In 1807, the 21 year-old Edward Horlock married Frances Lardner (1787 – 1828), the daughter of Richard Lardner of Tiverton, Devonshire (now Devon), England. The couple had 14 children, of whom six died in infancy or childhood.1-4,9,10

2.2 Jane Williams

After Frances died in 1828 at the age of 41 years, Edward remarried on 26 October 1831 at Bath in Somerset, to Jane Williams. She was the daughter of Colonel Francis Williams of the Royal Marines and niece of General Sir Thomas Picton (1758 – 1815), who died in the Battle of Waterloo during the Napoleonic Wars. Together Edward and Jane had six children.1-4,9,10

   3. His children

Edward Horlock II fathered 20 children altogether. The children from his first marriage were: Twin sons (*1808, died soon after birth), Edward Horlock III (*1809, died in the same year), Edward Horlock IV (1810 – 1866), Thomas Richard Bythesea (1812 – 1889), Frances Lucy (1813 – 1836) who married George Cuthbert Marshall,  Emma (1815 – 1832), George Frederick Baskerville (1816 – 1854), John Lewis Bythesea (1817 – 1885), John Baskerville (1819 – 1847), Elizabeth Caroline (1821 – 1896) who married Maj William Augustus Townsend Payne (3 October 1806 – 1884) on 2 June 1842, Jemima Maria, (1823 – 1833), Rosina Laura (1825 – 1844) and Edmund Bythesea (1826 – 1853).1-4,9,10 From his second marriage were born: William Picton (? – 1917), John Picton, Charles, Julia, Wilhelmina Maria (*1836) and Anne (? – 1877).3,4,11

Five of Edward Mortimer’s sons followed military careers. They were:

  • Edward Horlock Mortimer IV

Edward Horlock IV was his parents’ fourth child, although he became the eldest of all their children (who survived into adulthood). His eldest twin brothers who were born in 1808, soon died thereafter. His third brother, called Edward Horlock III, died in 1809 in the same year he was born.

Edward Horlock IV was born in 1810 at Trowbridge. By 1837, he held the rank of Lieutenant while serving in the 40th Regiment of the British Army. In 1840, he married Anne Elizabeth Hodgson, daughter of Rev Frodsham Hodgson (1770 – 1822), who was the Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford from 1809 until his death. Edward Horlock IV died in 1866 at the age of 56 years.1-3

  • Thomas Richard Bythesea Mortimer

The fifth child of Edward and Frances was called Thomas and was born on 24 March 1812 at Trowbridge. He married Catherine Helen Payne (21 February 1815 – 14 May 1872, London) on 21 October 1843 at St Andrew Church in the Clifton suburb of Bristol, Gloucestershire, England. Catherine was the daughter (ninth child) of Charles Payne (1781 – 1845) and Albinia Selwyn (1780 – 1860). Their wedding was a double matrimonial ceremony where Thomas’ brother, John Baskerville also got married. Thomas and Catherine’s children were Bourke who died as an infant, Bythesea (1849 – 1918) who married Frances Beatrice Benham in 1888, Charles Lysaght (? – 3 March 1937) of Redisham Hall, Beccles, Suffolk, and Sydney (1854 – 1895), Norah  and Blanche Kate who both died as infants, Georgiana Edith (? – 1916) and Jessie (? – 24 January 1932). Thomas served in the military in the 21st Regiment of the Royal North British Fusiliers. On 2 July 1837, he was promoted from Second Lieutenant to First Lieutenant. At the time of his marriage in 1843, he help the rank of Captain. Thomas finally retired from the military achieving the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. He died in 1889.3,4,12-16

  • John Lewis Bythesea Mortimer

Their ninth child, called John Lewis, was born on 17 December 1817 at Bath, Somerset, England. Like his brother Thomas, he also joined the 21st Regiment of the Royal North British Fusiliers, from 1833 to 1844. From his enlistment in 1833 until 1840, he was stationed on the island Tasmania and there he was promoted from Gentleman Cadet to Second Lieutenant on 9 January 1838. Thereafter he was transferred to Calcutta (now Kolkata) in India, arriving there on the ship Fairelie. He remained there until 1843 when he was reassigned to the Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles in 1843. In 1844, John Lewis retired from military service and returned to England, having achieved the rank of Lieutenant. He married Ellen Banbury in 1845 at Remenham, England. In 1862, the 45 year-old John, his wife and their family of four sons and three daughters emigrated to New Zealand. His wife passed away on 21 July 1877 and John Lewis on 4 December 1885 at the age of 68 years at Pine Bush, Invercargill in New Zealand.3,4,14,15,17

  • John Baskerville Mortimer

Baskerville was the tenth child of Edward and Frances Mortimer and my husband’s great-great-great-grandfather. He was a Lieutenant in the 34th Madras Light Infantry. READ MORE on John Baskerville Mortimer.

  • William Picton

The highest rank he achieved was Lieutenant-Colonel. He served in the 80th Regiment of Foot and later in the 11th Regiment of the British Army. He died in 1917.4 

4. His career

Edward Horlock Mortimer II did not become a clothing merchant like his father, but rather travelled extensively and worked in various places while in the service of the military unit of the British East India Company.1-3,9 By the time he served in the Company, the British government itself had become more involved in India. The company continued to control commercial policy and lesser administration, but the British government became increasingly the effective ruler of India. The Company dissolved after the Indian Mutiny of 1857 to 1858, where thereafter the British government took direct control of India.18,19

Edward Horlock held the rank of Deputy Lieutenant upon his retirement from the Company. He possibly retired before 1807, returned to Trowbridge, got married in 1807 and later became the Justice of the Peace for Wiltshire. He was awarded an authentic Coat of Arms (CoA),1,20 although the details of this CoA is still unknown and requires further research.

   5. His death

Edward Horlock Mortimer II passed away at the age of approximately 71 years on 15 November 1857 at Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England.1,2

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  1. Textile history and economic history. Essays in honour of Miss Julie de Lacy Mann. 1973. 1st Harte, N.B. & Ponting, K.G., Eds. Manchester University Press: Manchester, p 145-148. htpps://books.google.co.za
  2. Jamison Family Tree Website by Tony Jamison. https://www.myheritage.com/site-189828082/jamison-family-tree
  3. John Baskerville Mortimer by Ben M. Angel. 30 May 2014. https:// www.geni.com/people/John-Mortimer
  4. Information received electronically in February 2018 from Kenneth Joseph Mortimer of Lebanon, the great-great-great-great-grandson of Edward Horlock Mortimer
  5. Elizabeth Bythesea. A genealogy of the Selwyn family. http://www.selwyn-family.me.uk/genealogy/getperson.php?personID=I1104&tree=SELWYN
  6. Mortimer, Edward Horlock. Alumni Oxonienses (1718 – 1886), p 989. https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Page:Alumni_Oxoniensis_(1715-1886)_volume_3.djvu/210
  7. Brasenose College. University of Oxford. https://www.bnc.ox.ac.uk/
  8. Distance between Trowbridge and Oxford. https://www.ukdistance.com/route/trowbridge/oxford
  9. H F Chettle, W R Powell, P A Spalding and P M Tillott, ‘Parishes: Trowbridge’, in A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 7, ed. R B Pugh and Elizabeth Crittall (London, 1953), pp. 125-171. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/wilts/vol7/pp125-171
  10. Wiltshire Community History. http://history.wiltshire.gov.uk/community/getcom
  11. Marriage of Edward Horlock Mortimer and Jane Williams. Annual Register. A view of history, politics and literature of the year 1831. 1832 Vol 47, Vol 73, p209. Baldwin, Cradock & Rivington: London. htpps://books.google.co.za
  12. Thomas Richard Bythesea Mortimer and J Baskerville Mortimer. 1843. England, Bristol Parish Registers, 1538-1900, database, FamilySearch. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XT96-R5S
  13. T. Bythesea Mortimer. 1843 Gentleman’s Magazine, or Monthly Intelligencer. Vol 55 , p648 British East India Company. htpps://books.google.co.za
  14. Thomas Bythesea Mortimer. War Office, 9 January 1838. The London Gazette, Part 1. htpps://books.google.co.za
  15. Rob Jamison: Family portraits 2016. https://www.photobox.co.uk/my/album
  16. Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Lysaght Mortimer. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/34413/page/4215/data
  17. John Lewis Mortimer. https://www.ancestry.com/boards/surnames.mortimer/340
  18. British East India Company. http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/modern-europe/british-and-irish-history/british-east-india-company
  19. East India Company, British. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_India_Company
  20. Fox-Davies, A.C. Armorial families: A directory of gentlemen of coat-armour online. T.C. & E.C. Jack: Edinburgh. http://www.ebooksread.com/authors-eng/arthur-charles-fox-davies/armorial-families

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