Reginald Jamison (1878 – 1942)

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   1. His childhood

Reginald Jamison was born on 8 September 1878 at St Helens, Lancashire, England. He was christened on 17 Nov 1878 at the Prescot Parish of St Helens.1

Reginald was the only son and the second of three children born to Dr Arthur Andrew Jamison (1844 – 1900) and Isabella Green (1841 – 1937). His father was the local medical practitioner and surgeon of St Helens. About ten years later, the family moved to 18 Lowndes Street, Belgrave Square, Middlesex, (now Belgravia in London), England where they stayed for more than 40 years.2,3

Reginald completed his schooling at St Paul’s School at 153 Hammersmith Road, Hammersmith, London.4 The selective independent school for boys, aged 13 to 18, was founded in 1509 by John Colet, an unmarried priest with no family who inherited a substantial fortune. A large portion of this he used towards the school to fulfil his great desire to educate children and bring them up in good manners and literature. In the late 1960s the school moved to a larger site located on the Thames River at Barnes, London.5

Reginald lived during the reign of Queen Victoria, King Edward VII and King George V, before leaving for the Union of South Africa. All three monarchs were considered worthy rulers of the British Empire. The Victorian era saw the expansion of the British Empire through the colonization of Africa, Middle East and Asia. Better living conditions and improved medical and schooling systems emerged. It was generally a time of peace and prosperity. 6-9  Reginald, who was fortunate to grow up in an upper-middle class home, was able to attend the best schools and university. He definitely benefitted from the social changes that materialised during the course of Queen Victoria’s reign, but also from the hard work of his grandfather and great-grandfather who sought to create better lives for their families and following generations. As the eldest son, Edward VII succeeded his mother Queen Victoria, as king to the throne of the United Kingdom. The Edwardian era from 1901 to 1910 was a peaceful period, with further advances in technology and society. King George V, the second son of King Edward VII, reigned from 1910 to 1936. This era was characterized by radical changes in the political landscape. A rise in socialism, communism, fascism and Irish republicanism was observed. The Indian independence movement grew. And, World War I (The Great War of 1914 to 1918) and the Spanish Flu epidemic of 1918-1919 caused havoc in Europe.6-9

   2. His wife

Reginald Jamison married Eanswythe Elstrith Heyworth on 9 April 1908 at St George, Hanover Square, London, England.4,10 Together they had four sons, Peter Lawrence (*1909), Antony Geoffrey (*1910), Robin Ralph (*1912) and Reginald Ivor Heyworth (*1916).11,12

Eanswythe’s parents were Colonel Lawrence Heyworth (1831 – 1903) and Rosina Kate “Rose” Mortimer (1844 – 1936).13 Eanswythe was born on 20 November 1877 at Waun Fawr, her parents’ house at Risca, Newport, Monmountshire, Wales.14,15 Risca is a small village in the Newport district in the county of Monmouthshire. It lies about 10 km northwest of Newport. The village is on the river Ebbw and the Crumlin Canal with the Sirhowy and Newport railways passing through it.16 She was one of eleven children, and the twin sister of Heyworth Potter Lawrence Heyworth, who was killed in action, aged 37, in 1915 in Turkey during World War I. Heyworth was also the only son of four who survived into adulthood. The other three brothers all died within one year of birth.12,15  READ MORE on the Heyworths.

Eanswythe moved with her husband and children to South Africa in 1921. Although the family took happily to their new life, Eanswythe found herself homesick for England and her extended family, therefore also her desire to see her sons educated in the United Kingdom.17,18 Four years after their move to South Africa, Eanswythe died on 8 July 1925 at the age of 47 years at Seapoint, Cape Town (Kaapstad in Afrikaans). She was buried at the Maitland Cemetery.19 The death of their mother, must have impacted the young boys tremendously. Peter, Antony, Robin and Ivor were 16 years, 15 years, 13 years and 9 years old, respectively, at the time of Eanswythe’s death.

Eanswythe set up her will in London on 14 October 1920 in the presence of two witnesses, her mother Rosina Kate Heyworth (neé Mortimer) and Reginald’s sister Evelyn Mary Jamison. She bequeathed her real and personal estate to her husband and thereafter to her four sons in equal shares. She appointed her two sisters Winifred Kennard (neé Heyworth) and Gundreda Heyworth as guardians should her children be minors in the event of the simultaneous death of both their parents. Reginald was appointed sole executor of her estate.20 The will was possibly arranged in preparation for their move to Cape Town in 1921.

   3. His career

Reginald graduated in 1905 in medicine (MA BM BCh) at Trinity College, University of Oxford in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England.4 The College was founded as a training house for Catholic priests in the 16th century. It became a pillar of the Anglican Community in the 17th and 18th century. In the 19th century it developed further into a centre of educational reform as part of the Oxford University.21 Reginald completed his supplementary training at St Bartholomew Hospital (St Barts), and then remained there serving as Interne Midwifery Assistant, as Clinical Assistant in the department Outpatients for Diseases of Women and as House Surgeon to Dr William Harrison Cripps (1850-1923) over time.4 Dr Cripps studied at St Barts too, and after graduating in 1875, was appointed House Surgeon. He made his name as rectal specialist, abdominal surgeon and teacher. He was a dynamic man and a medical visionary with a quick wit. He retired in 1909 and became a Governor of St Barts.22,23

William Harrison Cripps was the husband of Blanche Potter (1852-1905), the daughter of Richard Potter (1817-1892) and Lawrencina Heyworth (1821-1882), and first cousin of Eanswythe Elstrith Heyworth. Lawrencina was the sister of Colonel Lawrence Heyworth, father of Eanswythe – the future wife of Dr Reginald Jamison.23,24 Did Dr Cripps perhaps play a match-making role by introducing his skilled House Surgeon to his lovely niece? Just a thought, though…..  How did they meet otherwise?

On 10 October 1907, Reginald became a Member of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS) and a Fellow (FRCS) on 12 December 1907, thus receiving a diploma after completing an additional apprenticeship and related examination, allowing him to work as a senior surgeon in Ireland and United Kingdom. He married Eaynswythe in 1908. In 1909, Reginald published a book, in collaboration with Dr Herbert Williamson, titled “A Guide to the study of the specimens in the sections of obstetrics and gynaecology. Museum of St. Bartholomew’s Hospital.” 4 By 1911, his family lived at 27 The Causeway, Horsham, Sussex, England. They had four domestic servants in their employment: Margaret Croft (Nurse), Mary Elizabeth Gaincher (Servant), Edith Harriett Mitchell (Parlourmaid) and Ellen Grace Page (Cook).12

Reginald enlisted during World War I and was gazetted Captain on 14 May 1918 and promoted to acting Lieutenant-Colonel on 28 July 1919. He served as consulting surgeon with the North Russian Expeditionary Forces in 1919 and was mentioned during dispatches.4 Britain, France and America intervened in the October Revolution during the Russian Civil War (1917-1922) by supporting the White Movement, a loose confederation of anti-communist forces under the headship of Alexander Kolchak. The goal of the Allied Forces was to protect their military stockpiles at Arkhangelsk (Archangel in English) in North Russia from falling into the hands of the German Forces or Marxist Bolshevics (Red Movement). The communistic Bolshevic Movement, led by Vladimir Lenin, was the main instigator of the Russian Civil War which led to the overthrow of the rule of Tsar Nicolas II, who was a cousin of King George V of the United Kingdom. (Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany also was a cousin of King George V, but they didn’t get along well). The Allied Forces, together with the White Army, also sought to defeat the advancing communistic Red Army of Lenin. However, increasing mutiny and desertion amongst White soldiers forced the Allied forces to eventually withdraw by 1920. The combination of World War I and the Russian Revolution left Russia devastated.25,26

Reginald received a military decoration for his services in the Royal Fusiliers.27 Also, his article “Two cases of traumatic aneurysm of the common carotid [in soldiers wounded in the North Russian campaign]” was published in the British Medical Journal of 1919, vol 2, p 489.4 The Americans referred to the North Russia Intervention as the Polar Bear Expedition, and rightly so. Arkhangelsk has a humid subarctic continental climate with cool summers and no dry season. Winter temperatures range from -5 °C to -20 °C.26,28 The wet, icy cold winters of Russia undermined Reginald’s own physical condition and specifically his respiratory health, which led to the development of severe asthma. Upon returning to England after the war, the asthma persisted. Clean air and a drier, warmer climate was advised, thus his move from cold, wet England to settling his family in beautiful, sunny Cape Town in the Union of South Africa in 1921.4,17,29,30 He continued to practice medicine in Cape Town.30

Reginald became a keen yachtsman and member of the Royal Cape Yacht Club in Cape Town. He took his four sons sailing off the Cape Town coast at every possible opportunity. Reginald participated in many races and often walked away with the winning trophy or cup. He also became an avid yacht builder. His son, Robin used most of his spare time to assist his father in the design and construction of ocean-going yachts. These ‘Royal Cape One Design’ yachts were of such good craftsmanship that they were in high demand among yacht racers. Reginald’s own two yachts, Parergon I and Parergon II took part in many sailing contests held off Cape Town. He was Commodore (Chairman) of the yacht club for some time and was greatly admired for his seaman- and yacht-building abilities. His youngest son, Ivor also became an enthusiastic yachtsman and was a prominent member of the Yacht Club until the 1980s. The Dr Jamison Cup is still awarded at the annual Lufthansa Twilight Summer Series in the category Div 4 CATS & Cruisers.11,17, 29-32

   4. His death

Reginald died at the age 63 years, 4 months on 4 January 1942 from a combination of pneumonia and infective polyneuritis. At the time of his death, he lived at Redbourne, 148 Main Street, Sea Point, Cape Town. He died at Groote Schuur Hospital, Mowbray, Cape Town and was buried at the Maitland Cemetery. His death notice was signed off by J Geoff, his housekeeper at the time of his death.33,34 His estate was settled on 7 June 1946.35

Reginald might have had a peaceful childhood during the late Victorian era, but his adult life was marred by the horrors of world wars, having himself enlisted in the British Army during World War 1 and seeing his sons enlisted in either the Royal Air Force, Royal Navy or South African Army during World War II. One son died just as the war started in a submarine accident. Another ended up a prisoner-of-war camp for the remainder of the war, but this knowledge he was spared as this occurred five months after his death.  Dr Reginald Jamison, a man who never remarried after his wife died, continued to raise his minor sons and ensured that they were educated in England, as his wife had wished for. To me, he seemed to have been a man of quiet courage. In a tribute by one of Reginald’s colleagues, he’s described as a well-informed scholar, a good doctor, a brilliant surgeon, an avid yacht builder, a loyal friend and a man with high standards and a quiet, shy, gentle disposition. Read his full obituary here.

   5. His children

All four children of Reginald and Eanswythe were born in the United Kingdom, but they spend a part of their childhood in the Union of South Africa.  All of them eventually returned permanently to Britain, except for the youngest who remained in South Africa until his death.

5.1 Peter Lawrence

The eldest son, Peter Lawrence was born on 20 February 1909 at Paddington, Marylebone, Middlesex, London, England.36,37 He returned to England for further education at Dartmouth Community College, Dartmouth, Devon, England.17 The Britannia Royal Navy College, the Navy’s officer training college where all officers of the Royal Navy are trained, is also housed at Dartmouth. From 1927, Peter served as a Midshipman in the Navy. From 1931 until World War II, he was also enlisted in the Royal Air Force as Flying Lieutenant.18,29,38 For the remainder of his life, he served in the Royal Navy until his retirement.

Peter married Catherine Betty Partridge (7 October 1919 – May 2004) on 19 December 1936 at All Saints Church, Marylebone, Middelsex, London.18,38,39 They had a son, Charles Peter Lysaght (*ca 1939) and a daughter, Rosina Elizabeth Mary (6 June 1950, Liss, Hampshire, England – 7 January 1980, Inverness, Scotland). Rosina was buried in the Tomnahurich Cemetery at Inverness. Rosina’s mother missed her daughter terribly and requested to be buried in the same plot as her daughter.

Their son, Charles Mortimer immigrated to Canada and later to the United States of America many years ago, where he married his wife, Virginia Cropsey (*26 September 1944). They have one child, Stephen. Charles and Virginia are currently living in Mansfield, Texas.11,18,29,36,40-42Peter’s maternal grandmother, Rosina Kate Mortimer (1844-1936) was the only child of John Baskerville Mortimer and Susan Roden Bates (neé Payne) and thus the sole heir of her father’s large fortune. She was therefore the last generation that would carry the Mortimer family name, since there were no brothers, and thus no one to pass on the family name to future generations. Also, Rosina’s only son died in 1915 in World War I. So, according to family folklore, a request was made to the extended family – a male relative who was willing to take on the Mortimer family name, would be the heir to a rather attractive inheritance package. Peter Lawrence Jamison, the eldest of the four sons of Reginald and Eanswythe Jamison felt obliged and accepted the arrangement.30 Added to this, he also inherited property from another relative, Charles Lysaght Mortimer (1850 – 1937).  On 23 February 1938, Peter Lawrence Jamison was granted an official Coat of Arms by the Royal Charter. In the same Charter he changed his surname from Jamison to Mortimer by Deed Poll which was signed by the Knights of the Garter. Peter Mortimer died on 23 September 1962 at Lower Farm, Whitsbury, Hampshire, England, where he moved to when he retired from the Navy.42 There were two settlements of the estate: to his wife on 2 November 1962 and to his son and brother-in-law on 17 May 1963.41

  5.2 Antony Geoffrey

The second son of Reginald and Eanswythe, Antony Geoffrey “Tony” was born on 5 March 1910 in Horsham, Sussex, England, United Kingdom. Like his brother Peter, he also returned to England for further education at Dartmouth and enlisted in the Royal Navy.17,18,29,43

On 4 September 1934, Lieutenant Antony Jamison joined the crew of the light C-Class Cruiser, HMS (His Majesty’s Ship) Carlisle, which was re-commissioned at Devonport (previously Plymouth Dock) in south-western England for a further two-and-a-half years’ duty at the Africa Station based at Simon’s Town (Simonstad in Afrikaans). During the interwar period of 1920s – 30s, the South African naval base continued to be of vital strategic importance. Patrolling warships continued to protect the Atlantic and Cape sea trade routes as well as the African coastline stretching from Gambia in East Africa, down to Cape Town in the Union of South Africa and up east toward Mozambique. Crucial and adequate docking, repair and maintenance facilities were readily available at this particular naval base.44 Being posted to South Africa, gave Antony the opportunity to visit his parents who were living in Cape Town.

Sailors were often entertained with various sporting fixtures and garden parties. One such party was arranged in February 1935 at Admiralty House in Simon’s Town, the Headquarters of Vice-Admiral E.R.G.T Evans, the Commander of the Africa Station.  Lieutenant Jamison and fellow officers attended. Were these younger officers ‘volunteered’ for garden party duty? Yet, they were ‘flying the flag’ and most politely engaged in social conversation with the burghers and ladies of the town. For some younger generation individuals, these parties evidently provided ample hunting ground for prospective spouses!44

During his assignment in South Africa, Antony traveled first class to England on the steamship Llangibby Castle, owned by the shipping line Union-Castle Mail Steamship Company Ltd, and arrived in Southampton on 11 November 1935.45 The reason for this journey is unclear. After the completion of the consignment to the South African naval base in approximately 1937, Antony transferred to the Royal Navy Submarine Service, also known as the Silent Service, and served specifically on board a British T-class diesel-electric submarine, the HMS Trident.44,46

In 1939 while the HMS Trident was still being fitted out, Antony was invited as an Training Observer aboard the newly built HMS Thetis during some of her commissioning trials. The submarine was built in England at Birkenhead, a naval port on the west bank of River Mersey opposite Liverpool on the east bank. It departed from there to launch its first diving trial in Liverpool Bay in the Irish Sea, 20 km north-west of the coast of Great Omre, Llandudno, North Wales. Tragedy, however, struck on Thursday 1 June 1939, during this maiden dive of the HMS Thetis. Once the dive – which was scheduled to last three hours – started at 2 pm, the submarine continued to remain too light to submerge. For 25 min the vessel struggled to dive, when suddenly she went under. The Thetis nosedived and its bow ploughed into the muddy sea bed, approximately 45 m below the sea surface.  The submarine was unable to resurface and an SOS went out from the Thetis. The front compartment of the submarine was flooded! Providentially, the quick action of Lt Antony Jamison prevented the flooding of the entire vessel, when he managed the closing of certain doors. The ship still had some buoyancy left and overnight the crew started to dump sixty tons of drinking water and fuel, allowing the vessel to rise stern first out of the water for some time on Friday 2 June. Four men slipped through an escape hatch, all suffering asphyxia and severe shock. Yet, they testified of the calmness of the crewmen in the face of death. From the shore curious onlookers, concerned friends and anxious relatives could make out the stern of the helpless submarine rising 5.5 m above the sea surface. Among them was Robin Ralph Jamison, 27-year old brother of Lt Antony Jamison – a brilliant aeronautical engineer employed by Rolls-Royce Limited – who rushed to the accident scene from Derby, Derbyshire, England which was 115 km away from Birkenhead. Robin tried hard to convince the Admiralty that he could lead a team to save the rest of the crew. The Admiralty declined and Robin was left standing there frustrated and desperately hoping for a good word about his older brother. Rescuers and divers worked tirelessly trying to keep the stern up and to save more men. But more calamity struck when the escape hatch flooded, when the next four men panicked and rushed through the escape procedure, causing them to drown and, thus, making the hatch inoperable. Rescue workers could hear banging coming from inside and were banging back to let those trapped inside know that they were there. But the vessel slipped back into the deep, cold water, leaving 99 men trapped. Rescue operations kept on failing and the remaining crew slowly succumbed to the low oxygen and rising carbon dioxide levels with surmounting symptoms of weakness, breathlessness, dizziness and ultimately an agonising death. On Saturday 3 June 1939, the Admiralty announced that all hope for more survivors was lost.17,47-51

Four months lapsed before a major salvage operation was launched. The wreck was beached at Moelfre Bay on the Island of Anglesey, northern Wales on 3 September 1939; the same day that Britain declared war on Nazi Germany and her allies. It was then towed to Holyhead. On 13 November 1939, the human remains of the last 34 crew members, which included Lt Antony Geoffrey Jamison, were retrieved from the wreck. Four days later on 17 November, they received a Christian Naval Funeral, with full naval honours, each coffin draped with the Union Jack flag. They were interned in a mass grave – together with the others victims who had already been buried – at Maeshyfryad Cemetery, Holyhead, Anglesey. At the graveside was a naval guard of honour and firing party. At the close of the service a volley was fired over the graves, and the “Last Post” and “Reveille” were sounded by naval buglers. The HMS Thetis Memorial was dedicated on 7 November 1947. Investigations into the disaster highlighted a combination of design flaws, manufacturing mistakes, technical difficulties and human error as probable causes. The rescuing operation also was delayed with 20 hours and was rather disorganized and insufficient. In the end no one was held accountable for this disaster.47-51 The death of the submarine and her crew onboard, however, has since then been surrounded by various alleged conspiracy theories. In 2009, Tim Booth revealed in his book Thetis down: The slow death of a submarine his discovery of archived memos of the Royal Naval Admiralty indicating their refusal to the rescue workers to have air holes drilled through the metal at the stern area, which would have taken a few minutes and would have saved the men from carbon poisoning. Cutting out a hole at the stern as an escape route for the men was also denied. Their reasoning was that the submarine structure would have been compromised even after repairs, and in light of the looming war this was not advisable.52  Was this a case of ‘save the submarine at the expense of the crew’?

Antony Jamison died at the age of 29 years. He was unmarried and had no issue. His estate of £3278 7s. 7d was settled in London on 10 August 1940 by his brother, Robin, acting attorney for their father, Dr Reginald Jamison of Cape Town.53

5.3 Robin Ralph

The third son, Robin Ralph (my husband’s grandfather) was born on 12 July 1912 and died on 18 March 1991 at Bristol, England. He married Hilda Watney Wilson and they had four children.17 Robin was the only son of Reginald and Eanswythe who continued the Jamison family line. The death of his brother Antony was a great trauma for Robin and had a major impact on him – he named his firstborn son, Anthony Alan, in honour of his brother. READ MORE on Robin Jamison.

5.4 Reginald Ivor

The fourth son of Reginald and Eanswythe, Reginald Ivor was born on 31 August 1916 at Horsham, Sussex, England. 54 He moved with his parents to South Africa when he was 5 years old, but attended secondary school in Britain.17 Ivor died of bronchi-pneumonia at the age of 71 years on 2 November 1987 at Wynberg, Cape Town, South Africa.18,55During World War II, Ivor voluntary enlisted in the South African Army and was enrolled in the 2nd South African Infantry Division (Field Regiment), which was formed on 23 October 1940. This Division was deployed to North Africa on 20 April 1941, and after spending six weeks at sea, arrived in Egypt on 6 June 1941. On 22 March 1942 the Division moved into Libya. Ivor Jamison served in the 6th Anti-tank Battery within the Division – the South African Forces formed part of the Royal British Forces under Commander-in-Chief Claude Auchinleck (1884 – 1981) – and participated in various battles in Egypt an Libya such as at Sollum and Gazala. By June 1942, Ivor was serving at the fortress town Tobruk in Libya, where Allied supplies and equipment were kept.  The garrison at Tobruk, totaling ca 33 000 men under the command of South African Major-General Hendrik Balzazar Klopper (1903 – 1977) consisted of about 25 00 South African troops, with the 11th Indian Brigade and British troops making up the rest. By June 1942 orders were given by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Winston Churchill (1874 – 1965) that Tobruk was to be evacuated and the majority of troops moved towards El-Alamein and Alexandria in Egypt on 13 June 1942. Only the 2nd South African Infantry Division remained in Tobruk to guard the fortress and war supplies. On 20 June 1942, however, the Africa Korps of the German-Italian Army commanded by Field Marshal Johannes Erwin Eugen Rommel (1891 – 1944), nicknamed “The Desert Fox”, launched a surprise attack on Tobruk and with tactical superiority pushed passed the Allied Forces.56-60 Ivor recalled how he and his mates fought as hard as they could to defend Tobruk but Rommel was advancing fast and they needed to fall back. When they turned around to hook up the anti-tank artillery to the trucks, the trucks were gone! 30 They were left behind, stranded ….. sitting ducks on a frozen lake, so to speak, though they well aware of the heated pressure from Rommel and the blazing heat of the Sahara Desert. Ike Rosmarin, a war correspondent based in Tobruk, described the battle as “terrifying [but] worst of all was the fact that we did not know what was happening as there were no orders from our officers. Confusion reigned with fear and panic.” One article summarises it as follows: “With regard to orders, some testimonies indicate that a so-called “every man-for-himself” order was given, while others recall orders to the contrary, including one which stated that a “tank-hunting” force was to be sent out during the night of 20 June.” 61 Klopper was forced to surrender on 21 June 1942; the fall of Tobruk was a huge blow for the Allied countries. The number of South Africans that were captured and taken prisoner were 10 772 men, a third of the total South African Armed Forces involved in the war at that point.56-60

The prisoners-of-war (POWs) were held in temporary wire-fenced camps around Tobruk under the watchful and often harsh eye of Italian and Senussi (local tribes men) guards. Food and water, in particular, were scarce. Later the prisoners were shipped off to Italy on cargo ships, where conditions during the 5 to 10 day trip were even worse. Men were deprived of food, water, movement and basic sanitation facilities. Dysentery was rife among the already weakened men and they also had to battle a severe lice epidemic – the lice thrived in the dark, damp, filthy and foul-aired hulls of the ships. Once in Italy, they could at least wash and be deloused.61

Under the influence of General Jan Smuts, Prime Minister and Minister of Defense of the Union of South Africa, about 334 000 South Africans in total enlisted voluntarily in support of the Allied Forces during the course of World War II. Of these, 12 080 men lost their lives and were buried in Egypt, Libya and Italy.62

Bombardier Reginald Ivor Jamison (British POW no 29776), then in his late 20s, spent the remainder of the war in POW-camps, first near Genova (or Genoa) in north-western Italy until its surrender to the Allied Forces in August 1943. Ivor was then moved to Germany to the notorious camp Stalag VIII-B, later renamed to Stalag 344, near Lamsdorf in Nazi Germany (now Lambinowice in Poland). He was able to correspond with his family via letters and mentioned in one of them that he was taking lessons in yacht design from a New Zealander, and that he was busy designing his own dream boat. As the Soviet Army was advancing into Germany by January 1945, the Germans started to march POWs westward in groups of 200 to 300 individuals. This march became known as the Death March which lasted four months. Hostile German guards forced exhausted and malnourished men forward to the east of Germany in the most extreme winter conditions, with insufficient clothing and deficient food supplies, causing hardship, disease and starvation, and even death for many. By April 1945 several of these groups ran into the advancing Allied Forces and Ivor was freed by the Americans on 12 April 1945.43,63-66 After the war, Ivor returned to South Africa. As a result of these extended and extreme exposures during the march, Ivor developed diabetes mellitus which he had to manage for the rest of his life. Ivor refused to ever talk about his experience as a prisoner-of-war.30 READ MORE on the long marches of 1944 – 1945.

Traveling documents show that the 38-year old Ivor spent some time in the Caribbean and in Europe (England) in 1954. He returned from Trinidad & Tobago in the Caribbean Sea, boarding at Port of Spain onto the Patricia 3 owned by Swedish Lloyd Shipping Line, which departed earlier on from Kingston, Jamaica. He disembarked at Tilbury, London on 22 April 1954. Ivor stayed in England for another four months before returning home to Cape Town. He boarded the Sterling Castle of Union Castle Shipping Line on 2 September 1954 in Southampton.67,68 The reasons for his trips are not clear. Maybe he treated himself to a world-wide tour vacation? Or maybe he went to visit friends and family? One can but speculate.

Ivor was a quiet, reserved man and never married. He was an architect and was employed by the Cape Town Municipality for many years.30 He was the designer of Cape Town Harbour,43 (This still needs to be confirmed from archived civil records). He loved yachting and spent lots of time at sea.30 Like his father Reginald, Ivor was also a member of the Royal Cape Yacht Club in Cape Town. Ivor participated in numerous races, challenges, cruises and regattas, including Trans-Atlantic and South Atlantic open ocean races such as the Cape2Rio (Cape to Rio de Janeiro) Race. He won so many cups and trophies, it is too many to list here. Most of his victories was with his yacht Parergon III.31 The Mossel Bay Race – South Africa’s Oldest Ocean Race – over a distance of 470 km in the Indian Ocean, was conceived by Ivor Jamison and Frank Morgan. The two yachtsmen decided “that it was high time that the Royal Cape had a ‘real’ ocean race – something with a bit more of a challenge to it than the annual runs to Dassen Island and back”. The uninhabited Dassen Island lies in the Atlantic Ocean 55 km north of Cape Town. And so, sixty plus years ago, on 26 December 1955, six yachts started a yacht race. The race, however, has over time occurred intermittently, lacking the continuity the founders intended.32

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  1. Reginald Jamison in the Parish Register, Prescot, St Helens, 1850-1896. Lancashire, England, Births and baptisms, 1813-1911. http://interactive.ancestry.com
  2. Tanner, S. 2008. Reminiscences of Isabella Jamieson (Daughter of Henry Green). 1831-1834. http://www.stanner.net/Family Letters/Isabella Remembers
  3. Papers of the Jamison Family (1830-1971), Box 1/2 (etc.), John Rylands University Library, University of Manchester. https://archiveshub.jisc.ac.uk/search/archives/5c8d8d63-e857-3002-b880-f6e317346acf
  4. Jamison, Reginald (1878-1942) Plarr’s lives of the fellows online. Royal College of Surgeons. http://livesonline.rcseng.ac.uk/biogs/E004251b
  5. St Paul’s School, London. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_Paul’s_School,_London
  6. The Victorian Period. https://faculty.unlv.edu/kirschen/handouts/victorian
  7. Victoria Era. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victorian_era
  8. Edward VII. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_VII
  9. George V. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_V
  10. Marriages registered in April, May and June 1908. St George Hanover Square, London http://wiz2.ancestry.com/Records/LIHP_Reg~Records/a6522c2f-ae34-44b5-817a-46edad1503fb#/ImageView
  11. Kevin Jamison’s Family Tree Album compiled by Jean Jamison. 2007. In possession of Kevin Jamison, Pretoria, South Africa.
  12. 1911 England Census, Sussex, Horsham. http://search.ancestry.com
  13. Eanswythe Elstrith Heyworth in 1881 Wales Census, Monmouthshire, Risca, District 13. http://interactive.ancestry.com
  14. England & Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index for Eanswythe Elstrith Heyworth. http://wiz2.ancestry.com/Records/LIHP_Reg~Records/0c59b94a-9ab5-41b6-b189-d3ffc3190c94#/ImageView
  15. Jamison Family Tree Website by Rob Jamison. https://www.myheritage.com/site-family-tree-302515751/jamison
  16. Risca, Monmouthshire. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Risca, in Caerphilly and Monmouthshire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time. http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/1130
  17. Haworth, l., Nedham, M.A. & Wilde, G.L. 1994 Robin Ralph Jamison. 12 July 1912-18 March 1991. Biographical memoirs of fellows of the Royal Society. The Royal Society Publishing, Vol 40, p 172-194. http://www.jstor.org/stable/770304
  18. Photos in possession of Tony Jamison, Randfontein, South Africa
  19. eGGSA Library, Gravestones of South Africa. http://www.eggsa.org/library/main
  20. Will of Eanswythe Elstrith Jamison. KAB MOOC 6/9/4811 Ref 51712 1936 LDS Images 1009-1013, Film # 007736487 https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C91W-5QHX-9?i=1009&cat=331262
  21. Trinity College – College history. https://www.trinity.ox.ac.uk/college-history
  22. The friends of the Great Hall & Archive of St Bartholomew’s Hospital. http://www.bartsgreathall.com/index.php/st-barts/history-of-barts
  23. Cripps, William Harrison (1850-1923) ) Plarr’s lives of the fellows online. Royal College of Surgeons. http://livesonline.rcseng.ac.uk/biogs/E001327b.htm
  24. Lawrencina Heyworth. https://www.geni.com/people/Lawrencina-Heyworth/6000000019132722342
  25. North Russia Intervention. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Russia_Intervention
  26. Polar Bear Expedition. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polar_Bear_Expedition
  27. Reginald Jamison. WW1 service medal & award rolls. http://interactive.ancestry.com
  28. Average weather for Arkhangelsk, Russian Federation. https://weatherspark.com/averages/33818/Arkhangelsk-Arkhangel-skaya-oblast-Russian-Federation
  29. Rob Jamison: Family portraits 2016. https://www.photobox.co.uk/my/album
  30. Personal interview with Kevin Jamison, 2nd cousin to Peter Lawrence & Reginald Ivor Jamison. 7 April 2014, Pretoria, South Africa.
  31. Trophy Catalogue. RCYC sailing. 21 May 2014. https://issuu.com/rcycsailing/docs/trophy_register4marcus
  32. Crockett, R. Talking sailing, Issue 42. 23 May 2016. http://sailing.co.za/gybeset/talking-sailing-by-richard-crockett-issue-42
  33. Reginald Jamison in the England, Andrews Newspaper Index Cards, 1790-1976. http://search.ancestry.com
  34. Reginald Jamison. KAB MOOC 6/9/8478 Ref 77009 LDS Film #007739140 Image 124-132. http://familysearch.com
  35. Reginald Jamison in the England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966. http://search.ancestry.com
  36. Jamison Family Tree by Tony Jamison. https://www.myheritage.com/site-189828082/jamison-family-tree
  37. Peter Lawrence Jamison in the England & Wales FreeBMD Birth Index, 1837-1915 [database online]. Provo, UT, USA, Ancetry.com Operations Inc. 2006 http://search.ancestry.com
  38. UK, Navy Lists, 1888-1970 for Peter Lawrence Jamison. http://interactive.ancetry.com
  39. England & Wales, Civil Registration Marriage Index for Betty Partridge. Provo, UT, USA, Ancetry.com Operations Inc. http://wiz2.ancestry.com/Records
  40. Catherine Betty Partridge. England & Wales, Civil Registration Death Index, 1916-2007 [database online]. Provo, UT, USA, Ancetry.com Operations Inc. 2007 http://wiz2.ancestry.com/Records
  41. Peter Lawrence Mortimer in the England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966 [database online]. Provo, UT, USA, Ancetry.com Operations Inc. 2010 http://search.ancestry.com
  42. Family notes by Charles Mortimer. In possession of his first cousin Tony Jamison, Randfontein, South Africa.
  43. Antony Geoffrey Jamison in the England & Wales, FreeBMD Birth Index, 1837-1915 [database online]. Provo, UT, USA, Ancetry.com Operations Inc. 2006 http://search.ancestry.com
  44. A good picture speaks a thousand words – Simonstown 1935. World Naval Ships Forums. http://www.worldnavalships.com/forums/showthread
  45. Antony Geoffrey Jamison in the UK, Incoming Passenger Lists, 1878-1960 [database online]. Provo, UT, USA, Ancetry.com Operations Inc. 2008 http://search.ancestry.com
  46. HMS Trident. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Trident_(N52)
  47. Ships’ Timbers Maritime Museum. http://shipstimbers.blogspot.co.za/2014/06/sinking-of-submarine-hms-thetis
  48. HMS Thetis. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Thetis_(N25)
  49. The Thetis submarine 1939-1999. http://www.holyhead.com/thethetis/index
  50. Loss of the Thetis. Liverpool Daily Post, 2 October – 17 November 1939. http://www.old-merseytimes.co.uk/thetis
  51. Disaster in the depths. Published in Sea Disasters. Copy of article in possession of Tony Jamison, Randfontein, South Afgrica
  52. Blundell, N. Revealed: How Navy let 99 sailors die to avoid damaging stricken sub. MailOnline, 4 April 2009. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1167547/REVEALED-How-Navy-let-99-sailors-die-avoid-damaging-stricken-sub.html
  53. Antony Geoffrey Jamison in the England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966 [database online]. Provo, UT, USA, Ancetry.com Operations Inc. 2010 http://search.ancestry.com
  54. Reginald I Jamison in the England & Wales, Birth Index, 1916-2005 [database online]. Provo, UT, USA, Ancetry.com Operations Inc. 2008 http://search.ancestry.com
  55. Reginald Ivor Jamison. South African Death Records. http://www.identitynumber.org/death-notices-results
  56. The fall of Tobruk. World War II Today. http://ww2today.com/20th-june-1942-the-fall-of-tobruk
  57. Allies surrender at Tobruk, Libya. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/allies-surrender-at-tobruk-libya
  58. The fall of the fortress town of Tobruk. 2013 http://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/fall-fortress-town-tobruk
  59. Hendrik Klopper. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hendrik_Klopper
  60.  2nd Infantry Division (South Africa). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2nd_Infantry_Division_(South_Africa)
  61. Horn, K. Changing attitudes among South African prisoners of war towards their Italian captors during World War II, 1942-1943. 2012 Scientia Militaria, vol 40(3) p 200-221.
  62. Col C J Jacobs. 2013 The war in North Africa, 1940-43. An overview of the contribution of the Union of South Africa. http://samilitaryhistory.org/lectures/nafrica
  63. A transcribed letter written by Robin Jamison to his father-in-law George Hough Wilson. 9 July 1944. In possession of Tony Jamison, son of Robin Jamison, residing at Randfontein, Gauteng, South Africa.
  64. Stalag VIII-B. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stalag_VIII-B
  65. The March (1945). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_March_(1945)
  66. Greeff, I.B. 1991 South African Prisoners of war on the long marches 1944-1945. The South African Military History Society. Military History Journal  Vol 8 no 6. http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol086ig.html
  67. R I Jamison in the UK, Incoming Passenger Lists, 1878-1960 [database online]. Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc. 2008 http://search.ancestry.com
  68. Mr R I Jamison in the UK, Outward Passenger Lists, 1890-1960 [database online]. Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc. 2012 http://search.ancestry.com

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