1. His childhood
James Jamieson was born ca 1821 in Kirkmaiden, in the former county of Wigtownshire at the most southern tip of Scotland, United Kingdom.1 The Kirkmaiden parish (also known as Kirkmaiden Old Kirk or Kirk Covenant on Core Hill) was of the Established Presbyterian Church of Scotland. It included the settlements of Balgowan, Clanyard, Curghie, Amnaglaur, Drummore, Kirkmaiden Village, Low Clanyard, Maryport, Port Logan and Terally. The church was built in 1638. The bell in the bell tower came from Clanyard Castle as a gift from the Earl of Dalhousie in 1532.2,3,4 Following the reorganisation of the local government in Scotland in 1975, Kirkmaiden was rezoned in the Dumfries and Galloway Council Area.4
Family folklore has it that John was orphaned at a young age and raised by two aunts in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland. He later ran away and joined the army. He became a non-commissioned officer and later a commissioned officer.5 At this point, however, nothing is factually known about the childhood family of James Jamieson. The magnitude of open source information available on the web for numerous possible James Jamieson candidates, all born in Scotland between 1819 and 1821, makes it difficult to connect our particular James Jamieson to an exact family. Rather than making assumptions, the search for concrete evidence of James’s true ancestors continues.
James lived mainly during the reign of Queen Victoria from 1837 when she ascended the throne at the age of 18 years until she died in 1901. Britain emerged as the principal naval and imperial power of the 19th century, characterised by the expansion of the empire through the further colonisation of Africa, India and the Middle East. This time period is often referred to as Britain’s ‘golden age’, an era of peace and prosperity, industrial, engineering and technological revolution, as well as medical discoveries and religious revival. Living and health standards improved. Some large segments of Victorian English society, particularly amongst the middle-class, were increasing both in number and power. Many members of this middle-class aspired to join the ranks of the nobles, and felt that acting “properly,” according to the conventions and values of the time, was an important step in that direction. This acting was perceived as being prudish, hypocritical, stuffy and narrow-minded. Social inequality, however, continued to exist. Numerous poorer working class families barely survived and many of the middle class had to compete for jobs or even lose them due to the exploding population and the influx of immigrants.6,7
What was our great-great-great-grandfather’s view on all of this? How did it impact on James Jamieson and his children? How did it influence his choices in life and career?
2. His wife
More is known about James personally as a married man and as a soldier of the British Empire. His wife, Ann Bostock (1825 – 1883), was the only child of Ellen NN and George Bostock (*ca 1800), who lived on Barton Street, Liverpool. George was a labourer from the working class. Ann was christened on 28 August 1825 at St Peter Anglican Church in Liverpool, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom.8 Due to the huge influx of people moving into London in the early 1800s in search for work, the existing churches could no longer accommodate the growing number of church members. In fear of members turning to the fast-growing non-conformist movement such as the Methodists and Baptists, the Church of England granted money towards the building of new churches, of which St Peter was one (9 354 pounds granted). The church building was designed by Sir John Soane. The cornerstone was laid in June 1823 by the Archbishop of Canterbury of the Anglican Church of England. In February 1825, nearly two years later, the new church building was consecrated9 and six months later Ann was baptised there.
It is not clear when and how Anne’s mother died, but her father remarried and he and his second wife, Mary Cooper (*ca 1797) became the parents of Eleanor (*1831), George (*1833) and Alice (*1835).10
3. His career
James joined the British Armed Forces as a young man.1 Being a professional soldier meant that James was posted around the globe as higher command dictated. During his military career, James was stationed in places such as England, India, Ireland, Jersey, Northern Ireland and South Africa. Sometimes his family accompanied him, other times they stayed behind in Great Britain. Regular furlough was granted to stationed troops to visit their families back home.
James Jamieson enlisted in the 6th Regiment of Foot (Infantry), also known as the Royal 1st Warwickshire Regiment, in 1850, receiving full pay.11,12 His regiment, who had been serving in South Africa since 1834, was engaged in the 8th Xhosa War (1850 – 1853) on the eastern frontier of the British Cape Colony, at the time of his enlistment.11,13 Whether James arrived together with other reinforcement troops in the Eastern Cape during this time, is not known.
In 1854, the 6th regiment departed for India’s Northwest Frontier.11,12,14 James’s family remained behind in Great Britain for the next five years. Some personal websites also suggest his involvement in the Crimean War in 1854,15 but this could not be confirmed from open online military sources. Data rather indicates his presence in India at that time as an enlisted troop in the 6th Regiment stationed in India.11,12
By 1857, James held the rank of Sergeant-Major in the 1st Battalion, 6th Regiment of Foot. On 28 August 1857, he was promoted to quartermaster. As a relatively senior soldier, he supervised stores and distributed provisions and supplies.16 James was awarded a medal in recognition for his services in India within the 6th Regiment, including their operations in the Judgespore Jungle during the Indian Campaign/Rebellion from 1857 to 1858.11 The mutiny of sepoys (Indian soldiers), enlisted in the British East India Company Army, erupted on 10 May 1857 and was followed by further mutinies and civilian rebellions spreading over northern and central India. The revolt was constrained by 20 June 1858.14,17,18
The rebellion, also referred to as the 1st Indian War of Independence, resulted in the dissolution of the Company and restructuring of the army and administration in British India.12,17 Was this the most likely reason for James’s official exchange on 22 April 1859 to the 96th Regiment of Foot based in Manchester?19
The 96th regiment was nicknamed “The Upside Downers” or “The Bend-overs”, because the number 96 reads the same when inverted. When James joined in 1859, the regiment was alternating between England (Plymouth, Manchester), Ireland (Cork, Dublin) and Northern Ireland (Curragh Camp [near Kildare and Newbridge], Enniskillen, Newry). In December 1861, however, the garrison proceeded to assimilate at Cork to prepare for a fleeting, inconsequential stint in Canada. The Canadian excursion took place in the first few months of 1862. It was directed by British Headquarters in anticipation of rising tensions between neutral Britain and the American Unionists because of the Trent Affair during the American Civil War of 1861 to 1865. It is not known whether James sailed aboard the ill-equipped, inadequate steamer “Victoria” that nearly sank in horrific gales in the Atlantic Ocean, 120 miles from the Azores. The ship was forced to turn around and hobble back to home base. Or, if James was on the “Calcutta”, then he actually made it to New Brunswick in Canada ….. to be welcomed with: “Thanks but no thanks, situation was diffused by Abraham Lincoln.” And back to England they sailed (after some rest and replenishing of food and water supplies, of course). From May 1862 onward, the troops were recuperating in Manchester before departing for British Cape Colony (South Africa) in 1863.20-23
The regiment was stationed on the Eastern Frontier of the British Cape Colony from March 1863 to November 1865, near Keiskammahoek where James worked as quartermaster.20-22 This time his wife, Ann and their minor children accompanied him. It was here where their 15-month old son, Edmund Walter was christened on 14 June 1863 in the Military Chapel (Anglican Church) at Keiskammahoek.24
Keiskammahoek was founded in 1851 as a military tented camp for British Armed Forcesunder the command of Colonel Henry Somerset of the 96th Regiment of Foot, who were dispatched to stabilise the Frontier. The first white settlers started building houses in 1853 after the 8th Xhosa War ended in 1851, and the village grew rapidly in the next decade. Keiskammahoek lies in a fertile valley at the foothills of the Amatola Mountains in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, at the confluence of the Keiskamma and Gxulu Rivers.13,25,26After three years in the Cape at Keiskamahoek, the regiment relocated to Jersey, a British Channel Island, in 1865 and then to Ireland in 1866.20,22 In November 1867, at the age of roughly 46 years old, James retired upon half-pay from the military as Honorary Captain of the 96th Regiment, just before his regiment was redeployed back to India.27 How James occupied himself after his military career ended, is unknown.
Did the thought ever crossed James’s mind while gazing upon the imposing Amatola Mountains that some of his descendants might even return to the southern tip of Africa? His grandson, Reginald did so in 1921 and lived in Cape Town for 20 years. The great-great-grandson of James, Anthony Alan married an English-speaking South African lady in Canada and later immigrated to South Africa in 1973. Their son, Kevin Andrew, grew up in South Africa and married an Afrikaans-speaking South African girl (who is the author of this article), thus giving rise to a South African branch of Jami(e)son descendants.
4. His death
In 1881, John and Ann Jamieson was living at 68 Derby Square, Douglas on the Isle of Man, a British island in the Irish Sea between England and Northern Ireland. In their employment was 24 year-old Elizabeth Radcliffe, a servant.28,29 It is uncertain when James and Ann moved back to England but Ann died on 27 September 1883 in St Helens, England. Was she perhaps visiting her son Andrew at the time? On 9 October 1888 James drafted his will as a resident of Liverpool, Lancashire. Witnesses were his sons, Frederick and Edmund Jamieson. In his will he bequeathed all his effects, money in the Bank, Railway shares and and any retired pay due to him to be divided in equal shares between his two spinster daughters, Emily and Laura. Arthur Jamison and Frederick Jamieson were appointed executors, although Frederick would later renounce the responsibility. James Jamieson died at the age of 71 years on 20 December 1892 at his home at 73 Hartington Road, Toxteth Park, Liverpool. The probate date was 31 January 1893. The value of his estate was 75 pounds.30If it is true that John was raised by his aunts, then the story of his life is rather amazing – how he, as an orphan, chiselled out a life for himself that would eventually also benefit his descendants by providing them with the foundation for a higher social and professional standing in their communities. Then it is so, that Capt. John Jamieson impacted future generations in a significant way!
5. His children
James and Ann got married in all likelihood between 1842 and 1844. They had 9 children of which one died within twelve months from birth.
5.1 Arthur Andrew
Their eldest, Arthur Andrew (my husband’s great-great-grandfather), was born ca 1844 in Guernsey, a British island in the English Channel.31 Arthur became a medical doctor and surgeon, who married Isabella Green. During the 1841 Census in England, Arthur’s maternal grandfather, George Bostock and Mary Cooper were listed as visitors to the household of John and Jane Green (both born in Ireland) at the Blundell Street, Liverpool, Lancashire. Whether there was some relation between them and Isabella Green is unknown.10 READ MORE on Arthur Jamison.
5.2 Charles James
James and Ann’s second child, Charles James (*1849), was born in England. Captain Charles Jamieson first served in the 31st Regiment of Foot and later in the 41st Regiment of Foot (also known as the Welsh Regiment), which was stationed in West Bengal, British India.32 When Charles married Maria “May” Graves (1850-1911) on 7 August 1873 at Murree, Punjab, British India (now Pakistan), he still held the rank of Lieutenant of the 41th Foot.33,34 Between 1873 and 1875, Murree was the summer headquarters of the Punjab Administrative government.35 Maria was the daughter of Henry Graves (1797, Ireland – 8 December 1862, Preston, Lancashire) and Susan Johnston (1811, Ireland – December 1888) and was christened on 13 October 1850 at Barton-by-Preston, Lancashire, England.36 Charles and Maria had three daughters: Clara Crofton (*3 November 1874, ≈7 February 1875 in Jhelum, Bengal, British India), Adelaide May (*31 January 1876, Rawal Pindi, Bengal, ≈27 March 1876 in Peshawur, Bengal, British India) and Jean Lois (*December 1884, ≈4 January 1885 in St Mawgan-in-Pyder, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom).28,37-39 Charles died in February or March 1891 at the age of 42 in Barton, Glouchestershire, England.40 5.3 Baby daughter
A daughter – name is not known – was born to James and Ann Jamieson in 1850 but she died that same year.5,15,41
5.4 Reginald George
Reginald was born in 1851 and died at the age of 23 years on 10 October 1874. His place of birth is unknown but at the time of his death, he resided in Quebec, Canada. He was an employee at the Bank of British North America. The cause of his death was listed accidental drowning, when he fell overboard while sailing on the yacht Wasp, at the east end of the Island of Orleans, close to Cap Tourmente. Reginald was buried on 21 October 1874. He was unmarried and had no issue.5,15,41,42
5.5 Emily Catherine
Emily Catherine was born in 1852. In 1881 at the age of 27, she was still living with her parents at Douglas on the Isle of Man. She never married. It seems as if she and her sister Laura shared a flat in 1923, at the time of Laura’s death. Emily died at the age of 80 years on 13 January 1933.5,14,29,34,41,43 The places of her birth and of death are not known. No more information on her life could be found.5.6 Laura Ann
Laura Ann was born on 24 August 1856, but her birthplace is unknown. In 1881 at the age of 24, she was still living with her parents at Douglas on the Isle of Man. Laura lived at 1 Hampton Terrace, Brighton, Sussex (now East Sussex), England at the time of her death on 4 January 1923, aged 66 years. She battled bronco-pneumonia but died after ten days, in the presence of Emily. Laura was interred at the Extra-Mural Cemetery, Brighton.5,15,29,34,41,445.7 Frederick William
Their seventh child, Frederick William (*1859) was born in England and christened on 21 December 1859 at the St Bartholomew Parish, Salford, Lancashire.45 He was a very prosperous tea merchant and owned shares in the Canadian Pacific Railways, Great Eastern Railway, Great Western Railway, Caledonian Railway Company, Commonwealth Bank of Australia, Mayfield (Dimbula) Tea Company of Ceylon, Liverpool Gas Company, and others.46
He married Edith Magdalen Holford (ca 1871 – ?) on 14 July 1891 at Christ Church, Hampstead, Middlesex (now part of London). Witnesses at their matrimonial ceremony were Arthur Jamison, Maud Holford and EM Leach (the latter’s signature is not clear). The 1901 and 1911 Census of England and Wales list no children. Frederick died in 1922 at the age of 63 years of haematemesis, within 14 hours after the onset of the illness, and may have been related to his struggle with a pyloric ulcer for several years.5,15,34,41,46-49
5.8 Edmund Walter
Their eighth child, Edmund Walter was born in Bridgeton, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland. His birth registration indicates his birth date as 1 April 1862 and only the name Walter is listed.50 He was christened as Edward Walter on 14 June 1863 in the Anglican Military Chapel, Keiskama Hoek (Keiskammahoek) in British Cape Colony (South Africa) – the christening register indicates his birthdate as 31 March 1862.24 Edmund also followed in his father’s military footsteps. In 1881 at the age of 19 he was already a Gentleman Cadet from Sandhurst, Berkshire, England.51 By 1888 he was serving as Lieutenant Edmund Jamieson in the Madras Military Staff Corps and by the early 1890s as Adjutant of the 3rd Burma Regiment at Fort Stedman (now the town Maing Thauk) near Lake Inle in the Mandalay province. The Fort functioned as the British Headquarters of the Southern Shan States of Burma. The regiment had been deployed to Burma (now Myanmar) in 1886 as a result of the Third Anglo-Burmese War in 1885.52Edmund was unmarried when he died on 12 February 1891 at the age of 28 from a gunshot wound he received the previous day while in pursuit of the young, absconding Corporal Naik, who was resisting arrest. Naik of the 3rd Regiment was a Pashtun from what is now the Pakistan/Afghan borderlands. He murdered his 43-year old commanding officer, Major Edward Baynes Nixon, on 11 February 1891 by shooting him at point-blank range in his house. The young Corporal, although a great favourite in the regiment, was resentful towards his commanding officer and held a grudge because he was passed over for promotion. After he killed Nixon he fled the scene and went hiding further up the hill behind a pagoda (a Buddhist temple in the form of a many-tiered tower). Edmund Jamieson, upon hearing the news, gathered some men and gave chase after the offender, not realising that the Corporal was the perpetrator. When he found the Corparal and asked where the offender had gone, he too was shot along with two Indian soldiers. Edmund died of his wounds a day later. His secluded grave, along with that of Edward Nixon who was married to Emily Mabel Macdonald (? – 1923, Sussex), is close to the banks of Lake Inle but the abundant vegetation makes it very difficult to find.34,52,535.9 May Ellen
The place of birth of the youngest daughter of James and Ann Jamieson, May Ellen (*1866) is also uncertain. In the 1881 Census, she would have been 15 years old but she is not included on the family listing.15,29,41 She also is not mentioned in her father’s will drafted in 1888. It is concluded that she presumably died before 1881. Apart from one photo of a young, beautiful May,34,38 no other information on her life could be found thus far.
- United Kingdom, Merchant Navy Seamen Records, 1835-1941, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KC37-9MS : 5 December 2014), James Jamieson, ; From “Merchant Navy Seamen1835-1941,” database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing BT 112-116, 119-120, series BT113, The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey
- Kirkmaiden Old Kirk. https://www.scotlandchurchtrust.org.uk/church/kirkmaiden-old-kirk
- Place: Kirkmaiden, Wigtownshire, Scotland http://www.werelate.org/wiki/Place:Kirkmaiden,_Wigtownshire,_Scotland
- Kirkmaiden. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kirkmaiden
- Jamison Family Tree Website by Rob Jamison. https://www.myheritage.com/site-family-tree-302515751/jamison
- The Victorian Period. https://faculty.unlv.edu.kirschen/handouts/victoria.
- Victoria Era. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victorian_era
- England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NVYF-Q4Y : 30 December 2014), Ann Bostock, 28 Aug 1825; citing Liverpool, Lancashire, England, reference Vol 11, p 161; FHL microfilm 93,876.
- Exploring Southwark and discovering its history. St Peter’s, Walworth. http://www.exploringsouthwark.co.uk/st-peters-church/4588653687
- England and Wales Census, 1841, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MQLS-WW5 : 30 October 2015), Ann Bostock in household of John Green, Liverpool, Lancashire, England; from 1841 England, Scotland and Wales census, database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing PRO HO 107, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey
- Col H.G. Hart. 1864 The new army list and militia list. Rank, standing and various services of every regimental officer in the army including the Royal Marines and Indian Staff Corps. 1st John Murray:London. https://archive.org/details/newannualarmylis1864hart
- British Armed Forces and National Service. The Royal Warwickshire Regiment. http://www.britisharmedforces.org/i_regiments/warwickfus_index.
- 6th (Royal Warwickshire) Regiment https://www.mbendi.com/organisation/6th-royal-warwickshire-regiment
- The Tralee Chronicle and Killarney Echo, Friday, 4 September 1857, Kerry, Republic of Ireland. British Newspaper Archive. Genes Reunited. http://www.genesreunited.co.za
- Jamison Family Tree Website by Tony Jamison. https://myheritage.com/site-18982082/jamison-family-tree
- List of Indian Mutiny Victoria Cross recipients https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Indian_Mutiny_Victoria_Cross_recipients
- Indian rebellion of 1857. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Rebellion_of_1857
- The Edinburgh Gazette, April 26, 1859. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/Edinburgh/issue/6904/page/613/data
- 96th Regiment of Foot. National Army Museum. http://www.nam.ac.uk/research/famous-units/96th-regiment-foot
- 96th Regiment of Foot. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/96th_Regiment_of_Foot
- Museum of the Manchester Regiment http://www.tameside.gov.uk/MuseumsandGalleries/96th-Regiment 16.
- Robert Garrod – 96th Foot (1857-79) http://www.britishmedals.us/kevin/profiles/garrod
- Frescura, F. 1988. Keiskammahoek – The Conservation Study of a Small Settler Village. http://www.sahistory.org.za/franco/historical-conservation-keiskammahoek
- Edmund Walter Jamieson. Baptisms at the Military Chapel (Anglican Church), Keiskama Hoek, 1859 – 1869. Register entry no 68. Cory Library, Grahamstown, MS 19 153. http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/South-Africa-Eastern-Cape
- Keiskammahoek. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keiskammahoek
- Xhosa Wars. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xhosa_Wars
- The London Gazette, November 19, 1867. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/23325/page/6148/data
- Adelaide May Jamieson. India Births and Baptisms, 1786-1947, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FGQ6-VX7 : 8 December 2014), Adelaide May Jamieson, 27 Mar 1876; citing , reference ; FHL microfilm 512,335
- James Jamieson in the 1881 England and Wales Census. http://www.search.ancestry.com
- Will and Probate of James Jamieson. In possession of Tony Jamison, Randfontein, Gauteng, South Africa
- Arthur A Jamison in the 1891 England Census. http://www.search.ancestry.com
- Charles James Jamieson. Rank: Ensign to Captain. Regiments: 31th Foot; 41th Foot; Bengal Staff. WO 76/242/24. http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/C13287900
- Jamieson, Graves, D’Aguilar and D’Silva. India Archives. LDS Microfilm #0499051, BMB 1873, Bengal Pres. http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/INDIA/2000-03/0953053276
- Original documents and photos in possession of Tony Jamison, Randfontein, South Africa
- Murree. https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Murree
- Maria Graves. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JQVN-QL3 : 30 December 2014), Maria Graves, 13 Oct 1850; citing Barton by Preston, Lancashire, England, reference ; FHL microfilm1,470,930
- Clara Crofton Jamieson. India Births and Baptisms, 1786-1947, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FG3G-HPP : 8 December 2014), Clara Crofton Jamieson, 07 Feb 1875; citing Jhelum, Bengal, India, reference v 151 p 32; FHL microfilm 510,847
- Rob Jamison: Family portraits 2016. https://www.photobox.co.uk/my/album
- Jean Lois Jamieson. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NFYT-YWY : 6 December 2014), Jean Lois Jamieson, 04 Jan 1885; citing St. Mawgan-in-Pyder, Cornwall, England, reference p 56; FHL microfilm 1,596,053.
- Charles James Jamieson. Piece/Folio 1320/79, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey; FHL microfilm 101,774,572. http://www.interactive.ancestry.com
- Family notes by Evelyn Mary Jamison. In possession of Tony Jamison, Randfontein, Gauteng, South Africa.
- Reginald George Jamieson. Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), Quebec, Canada, 1621-1968. http://www.interactive.ancestry.com
- Isle of Man. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isle_of_Man
- Death notice of Laura Ann Jamieson. In possession of Tony Jamison, Randfontein, Gauteng, South Africa
- Frederick William Jamieson. England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NNTG-WMG : 30 December 2014), Frederick William Jamieson, 21 Dec 1859; citing Salford, Lancashire, England, reference item 1 p 190; FHL microfilm 1,786,460.
- Death notice of Frederick William Jamieson. In possession of Tony Jamison, Randfontein, Gauteng, South Africa
- Frederick William Jamieson. Church of England Marriages and Banns, London, England, 1754-1921. http://www.interactive.ancestry.com
- Frederick William Jamieson. England and Wales Census, 1901. https://www.ukcensusonline.com/image_viewer
- Frederick William Jamieson. England and Wales Census, 1911. https://www.ukcensusonline.com/image_viewer
- Walter Jamieson. Scotland Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VQQ8-QQ5 : 8 December 2014), James Jamieson in entry for Walter Jamieson, 01 Apr 1862; citing BRIDGETON, GLASGOW, LANARK, SCOTLAND reference ; FHL microfilm 6,035,516
- Edmund Walter Jamieson. England and Wales Census, 1881, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q27Z-STLF : 18 August 2016), Edmund Walter Jamieson, Sandhurst, Berkshire, England; from 1881 England, Scotland and Wales census, database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing p. 4,
- Willasey-Wilsey, T. 2014. Sudden death in a Burmese paradise. http://www.victorianweb.org/history/empire/burma/tww/1
- Information and photos received on 21 March 2020 from John Mottley of Thailand. https://photos.google.com/share/AF1QipNhX7D1FccNG7oIH5Qn8OJzWIzpO50GXqvkCCEWpEzkoLIUu212VntRqz0uJcQsyQ?key=VjU5LWhZMXdmZnlXS2NMektkTmQ2VE1sLU05VUpn