Lawrence Heyworth I (1786 – 1872)


   1. His childhood

Lawrence Heyworth was born in 1786 at Greensnook Estate in Bacup, Rossendale, Lancashire in north-west England, to Elizabeth Ormerod (ca 1751 – >1805) and Peter Heyworth (1743 – 1799). He was christened on 28 March 1786 at Newchurch, Rossendale. His family was prominent cotton manufacturers at Backup and active church goers. His father died when he was 13 years old. He had four brothers named John, Ormerod, James and George and two sisters, both named Susanna, although the firstborn of the two died at the age of two years.1-3 Lawrence started his basic schooling in Bacup, but later went to Hipperholme Grammar School near Halifax in West Yorkshire where he became the pupil of Dr John Fawcett of Ewood Hall. He then completed his education under Rev. T. Hudson at the Grammar School of Hipperholrae, also near Halifax. In 1802 at the age of sixteen, Lawrence left school and joined his brothers at his late father’s woolen and cotton manufacturing business in Backup.2,3

   2. His wife

Lawrence married Elizabeth “Betty/Betsey” Aked, a second cousin to Lawrence and the daughter of John Aked, on 23 October 1820 at the St James Church, Liverpool, Lancashire, England.4,5 Betty was born in 1802 at Backup, where her husband was also born sixteen years prior. After twelve years of marriage, she died in 1832 at the age of 30 years.2,3 Her six young children, aged between eleven and one years old, must have really felt her loss and was most likely raised by nurses and nannies, as their father never remarried.

As a 34-year old bachelor, Lawrence was a well-travelled, wealthy, influential landowner who held several enterprises at home and abroad, yet he had no-one to share it with and no family of his own. Maybe this was the reason why Lawrence scaled down his involvement with Heyworth Brothers & Co. after his marriage,1 so that it was no longer required of him to travel overseas for extended time periods away from home. That his bride was from the so-called poor workers class, didn’t seem to have bothered Lawrence, because he married her anyway. When Betty married Lawrence at the age of 18 years, she was working as a power-loom operator in a factory.6 (A power-loom was a mechanised loom powered by a line shaft and used for the weaving of cloth and tapestry.)7 She must have been well acquainted with the daily hardships that faced most British subjects who were battling poverty and oppression in the early 19th century. The social disparity between the elite and workers class was still vast, in spite of some social reforms that were taking place.8The marriage of Lawrence and Betty sounds almost like a Cinderella story. Did Lawrence marry out of duty to help a family member in dire need or did Lawrence marry for love? I certainly hope the latter was true. I wish more was known about their courtship, and marital arrangement and relationship. And how did the sudden change in social status impact on Betty? One can but wonder.

Lawrence was 46 years old when his wife died, aged 30. After her death, he remained single and became increasingly involved in railway initiatives, social reforms and political developments.1-3

3. His career

3.1 Commerce

Starting out his career at age sixteen at the family business Peter Heyworth and Sons where his brothers John, Ormerod and James also worked after their father’s death, his entrepreneurial aptitude and enterprising disposition soon emerged. By then, the business was renamed Heyworth Brothers & Co. and trade was limited with Rochdale, Yorkshire and London houses, and via these houses their goods also reached the Spanish and Portuguese markets. Lawrence proposed that their trade should be directly with merchants in these countries, in order to increase their profits and expand their business opportunities.1-3,9,10His brothers supported his idea, but thought of him as too inexperienced in commerce with no knowledge of Latin, to act as their tradesman on their behalf in a foreign country. Unwavering support came from his mother, Elizabeth (Ormerod) Heyworth: “The idea was his own, he should be allowed the chance of working it out, and I have no doubt of his success. I have confidence in Lawrence.” By October 1805 at the age of nineteen, Lawrence left Backup on an anticipated nine day trip to Portugal. He left by stagecoach bound for Falmouth, Cornwall, a port town at the most southern tip of England. There he had to wait for three weeks for the next boat to Portugal. Lawrence didn’t let the time go to waste and within the month before he reached Portugal, he learned to speak Portuguese with sufficient fluency to conduct commercial negotiations. During his trip, he met a young German traveler for a commercial house in Hamburgh (Hamburg), Germany, who, once in Oporto in Portugal, introduced Lawrence to many local merchants. A young French merchant that Lawrence also got acquainted with, introduced him to the French Council, with whom Lawrence became very good friends and who in turn introduced Lawrence to several of the main Spanish houses. Lawrence soon received many orders for the Heyworth’s products at Bacup, as well as orders for other articles which he would take a commission on for supplying, thus starting up his own general commissioning business on the side, with his brothers’ permission. After two years, Lawrence successfully opened trade with the merchants of Portugal and Spain.1-3

Lawrence and his brother, James sailed from Liverpool to Rio de Janeiro in 1808 and their newly established branch in Brazil proved to be most successful and lucrative. So much so that by 1809 they felt the need to establish a Liverpool shipping and commission company to manage their exports. Leaving their eldest brother, John Heyworth behind in Backup to manage the chief manufactory, Ormerod and Lawrence established Ormerod Heyworth & Co. in Liverpool in ca 1810. The enterprise in South America continued to expand to Bahia, Pernambuco, Buenos Aires, Lima, Monte Video and Valparaiso. These branches were managed by junior partners, who were young men in their employ at the main factory at Backup, who showed much promise. Certainly, Peter’s sons applied what he taught them as children – “seeking equal privileges and the greatest good for the greatest numbers”. By now, South American produce such as sugar and coffee were also imported, but via their Germany-based branch in Hamburgh called Jackson, Heyworth & Co., established in 1817 by Lawrence. This was to minimise Britain’s high import taxes on products directly imported from South America.1-3 However, the Heyworth brothers remained partners in the textile business and trading for decades.11-13

Lawrence finally returned permanently to England in 1819 and bought Yew Tree Estate (9 km east-northeast of Liverpool) at Walton-on-the-Hill, in the district of West Derby, Lancashire. He lived in the Yew Tree Manor House on a 26 hectare estate, when he married Betsey Aked in 1820. The family continued to live in this house until Lawrence’s death. Lawrence also owned nearby Rice House and its 16 hectare grounds, where the family lived at times. 1-3,11,14

3.2 Railways

After his marriage, Lawrence became less actively involved in the commercial affairs. He started to focus his attention on the importance and practicality of railways. The merchant of Liverpool transformed into a land and railway proprietor, to the extent that he withdrew his capital from the commerce and invested it in the Ironways (railway industry). His brothers followed his notion and by 1836 their numerous establishments at home and overseas were sold to their junior partners. Over time, he became Director of various railway initiatives including South Eastern Railway, Kendal and Windermere Railway and Midland Counties Railway. He also held the position of President of the Backup Mechanics Institute until his death in 1872; a position he held for 33 years since its establishment in 1839. The institute was built on the site of his old school in Backup.1,2

He visited America, arriving onboard the Persia in New York on 3 May 1856. He was a shareholder in the Illinois Central Railroad in America, and provided some form of assistance, to which their officials were so grateful for, that in 1856 they named a station on their railroad line “Heyworth”, in Lawrence’s honour. A settlement developed around the station and the town “Heyworth” in Illinois was officially founded in 1858.2,15

3.3 Politics

By 1839, he gradually moved into politics.  While still being Director of Midland Counties Railway, he was elected second Member of Parliament (MP) of (West) Derby in 1848. He served in this capacity for two terms until 1857, when he relinquished his seat mainly due to his deteriorating hearing.1-3,16 It was during his second term, that he visited Illinois in America in 1856.

Still, thereafter he served in the English Office of the Justice of Peace as Magistrate for the county of Lancaster (Lancashire) until his retirement.16,17 The Justice of Pease was responsible for the conservation of the peace and of the hearing and determination of charges in respect of offences against it.

In 1856, a grant of Armorial Ensign (Family Crest) was awarded to Lawrence and his descendants, with the motto “Nil Dimidim Est” (“Nothing by halves”).2,18 Read here the detailed description of the Grand of Arms awarded. This authentic family crest is the asset of only Lawrence’s offspring, and is not germane to unrelated Heyworth lines or other variations of the surname such as Hayworth, Haworth, Hawoth, Haueworth, Howarth, Howorth, Haywood, Heywood, Heyward and Howard.19

3.4 Activism

Lawrence had strong moral and non-conformist religious convictions and expressed his views openly. As early as 1815, he opposed the British government’s intention to impose export tax, which would have also impacted negatively on their business endeavors in South America. By 1839, he was second chairman of the Liverpool Free Trades Association. He supported free trade and the right of people to untaxed bread. He approved of the abolition of slavery. He was a staunch, outspoken supporter of the Temperance Movement.1,2 In 1854, he became the first Chairman of the Liverpool Auxiliary, a temperance society who campaigned against the liquor trade.20 Later on he became President of the British Temperance Society. Lawrence also openly criticised political bribery, corruption and dereliction, particularly evident in the country’s House of Commons, thus was viewed by many as an advocate for political reform. Together with Joshua Walmsley, he founded the Financial Reform Association in 1848, the same year he was elected MP for Derby. Even after his retirement, he continued to actively promote commercial, moral, political and social reform. He wrote several pamphlets and books on these topics.1,2

   4. His death

Lawrence Heyworth I died at the age of 86 on 19 April 1872 at Yellow Tree Manor, Walton-on-the-Hill, West Derby.1,2,21 He was buried at the Liverpool Necropolis (now Grand Gardens Cemetery in Liverpool).22 The probate date was 13 May 1872. His estate was approximately 80 000 pounds – measured in today’s worth, about 122 million pounds or 2.1 billion South African Rand. His sons, Peter George, John and Lawrence were the executors of his estate.21,23 Lawrence had a full life with joys, heartaches, adventures and challenges. He was a visionary, and once seeing the opportunities, would pursued them. His views and actions were directed by a steadfast moral compass, and he didn’t recoil from challenging the wrongdoings of people in high places. Lawrence zealously impacted the world around him by trying to make it a better place for all. Whatever he did, he enthusiastically gave his best ….. even with his handwriting! What a dynamic and exemplary person our great-great-great-grandfather was!

   5. His children

The couple had six children: Lawrencina (*1821), Peter George (*1823), John (*1824), Elizabeth (*1825), James Ormerod (*1827) and Lawrence (*1831). All their children were born at Yellow Tree Manor, Walton-on-the-Hill, West Derby District, Lancashire, England2.3,14,24,25 and christened at the St Mary the Virgin Church, West Derby, West Derby District, Lancashire.26 The children were mostly educated at home by tutors, while some of the boys also attended schools. Lawrence and Elizabeth had 28 grandchildren; 21 girls and seven boys.18,27 

5.1 Lawrencina

Lawrencina was born on 22 October 1821 at Yellow Tree Manor. She was christened together with her baby brother, John, on 23 January 1825 at St Mary the Virgin Church.24-27 Why her parents waited three years before they christened their daughter – her younger brother, Peter George, was christened 18 months before she was – is not certain.  She got married on 13 August 1844 to Richard Potter (23 July 1817 – 1 January 1892). He was an English barrister, business investor and railway magnate, who was the Chairman of the Great Western Railway by 1860.28 Lawrencina died in April 1882 at the age of 60 years.24

Lawrencina and Richard Potter had nine daughters and one son. The daughters, who all later entered into marriage, were:  Lawrencina “Lallie” (1845 – 1906), Catherine “Kate” (4 April 1847 – 26 February 1929), Mary Elizabeth (1849 – 1923), Georgina (1850 – 1914), Blanche (1851 – 1905), Theresa (1852 – 22 May 1893), Margaret Heyworth (July 1854 – 16 March 1921), Martha Beatrice (22 January 1858 – 30 April 1943) and Rosalind “Rosie” (1865 – 1949). The long-awaited son Richard (1862 – 1864) arrived after eight daughters, and when he died at the age of two,17,28 his grief-stricken mother mourned for many years thereafter.29

Many of Lawrence’s granddaughters, together with their husbands, were liberal and outspoken individuals who actively promoted social and political reforms. Some of them became very well-known.29-32

  • The eldest daughter,  Lawrencina “Lallie”, married Robert Durning Holt (11 October 1832 – 10 December 1908), a cotton-broker, local politician and mayor of Liverpool from 1892 to 1893.33,34 Robert was the brother of Alfred Holt (1829 – 1911), founder of the Blue Funnel Shipping Line.33,35 Their children were Richard (1868 – 1941), Catherine (1871 – 1952), Robert (1872 – 1952), Elizabeth (1875 – 1947), Philip (1876 – 1958), Edward (1878 – 1955), Mary (1880 – 1955) and Lawrence (1882 – 1961). The family belonged to the Unitarian Church. Sadly, Lallie died of a self-inflicted overdose at the age of 61 years in 1906.33,34
  • Catharine “Kate” was a fiercely independent woman who strongly disliked socialising with the upper class and avoided attending the elite’s annual parties and balls. She resisted her parents’ attempts to marry her off, eventually leaving home at the age of 28 years to emerge herself in philanthropic and youth work in Westminster, London. She had a warm, genuine personality and a hearty laugh. Kate married the 51-year old Leonard Henry Courtney, Baron Courtney of Penwith (1832 – 1918) on 15 March 1883, when she herself was 36 years old. Leonard was a journalist, politician and Liberal cabinet minister. The Courtneys had radical anti-imperialistic political views, argued against British expansion in Africa, including Egypt, Sudan and South Africa, opposed the annexation of the Transvaal in 1877, denounced the South African War (Second Anglo-Boer War) of 1899 to 1902 by founding the South Africa Conciliation Committee together with Emily Hobhouse (1860 – 1926) in April 1900, advocated armament reduction and called for peace negotiations as the only means of ending World War 1. The couple had no children.31,36-38
  • Georgina married Daniel Meinertzhagen (1942 – 1910), a merchant and banker, on 11 September1873 in the Parish Church of Standish in Gloucestershire, the ceremony performed by Richard Harvey, the Canon of Gloucester. At the time he was living at St James’s, Westminster and she resided at Standish House, Standish. They went on to have ten children; Daniel (1875 – 1898), Barbara (1876 – 1963), Richard (1878 – 1967) , Margaret (1880 – 1959), Frederick (1881 – 1962), Lawrencina (1883 – 1976), Katherine Beatrice (1885 – 1977), Louis (1887 – 1941), Mary (1889 – 1943) and Georgina (1890 – 1948).17,33,39 The Meinertzhagens were a very wealthy family. An 1891 census indicated that the employees in their service included a school governess, a butler, two footmen, a nurse, an under-nurse, a cook, three housemaids, two kitchen maids, as well as three grooms living in the stables.14,39 Their son, Richard Meinertzhagen became a soldier, spy and ornithologist but was later unmasked as a scientific fraud.40,41 And although Richard and Lawrence of Arabia met on a number of occasions and were polite with each other, it was clear that there was no love lost between them.42,43
  • Blanche married Dr William Harrison Cripps (15 January 1850 – 1923), a rectal specialist, abdominal surgeon and teacher, on 26 July 1877 at St George Church, Hanover Square, London.44,45 One of his former students and a colleague at St Bartholomew Hospital in London,44 was House Surgeon Dr Reginald Jamison, who married Blanche’s first cousin, Eanswythe Elstrith Heyworth. Reginald and Eanswythe Jamison are my husband’s great-grandparents (see 5.6). Blanche and William had six children: William (1978 – ?), Blanche (1879 – 1920), Standish (1881 – 1929), Richard (1882 – ca 1959), Rosie (1885 – ca 1950) and Henry (1887 – ?). Their mother committed suicide in her own home at the age of 54 years in 1905, when the youngest one was 18 years old.33
  • Theresa married her brother-in-law, Charles Alfred Cripps, 1st Baron Parmoor (3 October 1852 – 30 June 1941) on 27 October 1881. He was the elder brother of William Cripps who was married to Theresa’s elder sister, Blanche. Alfred was a barrister who later became involved in British politics. He eventually crossed the floor from the Conservative to the Labour Party.46
  • Margaret got married at the age of 34 years on 12 October 1880 to Henry Hobhouse jr. (1 March 1854 – 25 June 1937), son of Henry Hobhouse sr. (1811 – 1862). Henry sr. made his fortune as a Bristol merchant in the slave, sugar and tobacco trade between England and Africa, the West Indies and USA. Henry jr., however, was a barrister who practiced as a parliamentary draughtsman, later head of the Bristol Bar, also to became Justice of the Peace for Somerset, and a Member of Parliament for East Somerset. He also was pro-chancellor of Bristol University.47,48 Margaret and Henry Hobhouse had seven children; Stephan Henry (1881 – 1961), Rachel (1883 – 1981), Eleanore (1884 – 1956), Arthur Lawrence (1886 – 1965), Esther Margaret (1891 – 1893), John Richard (1893 – 1961) and Paul Edward (1894 – 1918).32,47,49-52 The family resided at Hadspen House which is surrounded by 290 hectares of parkland near Castle Cary, Somerset. The house came under the ownership of the Hobhouse family in 1785 when Henry’s father bought the estate, and it remained in the possession of Hobhouse family and descendants until 2013, when it was sold to the South African businessman, Jacobus Petrus “Koos” Bekker (*14 December 1952, Potchefstroom, Transvaal, South Africa).37,38,47,48,53-55
  • Martha Beatrice, then 34 years old, married Sidney James Webb (13 July 1859, London – 13 October 1947, Liphook, Hampshire) in July 1892. The couple had no issue and poured their energy into their life’s work. They were both prominent English socialist economists and together they became economic and social reformers, co-founders of the London School of Economics and Political Science, supporters of Marxist principles, founders and editors of the New Statesman, and members of the Fabian Society and the Labour Party. Beatrice also was a suffragette – an advocate for women voting rights, like her older sister Kate. Sidney and Beatrice were both reburied at Westminster Abbey where their ashes are presently interred in the nave of the Abbey.19,20,30,56 READ HERE Beatrice Webb’s autobiography published in 1926.

TAKE NOTE: Martha Beatrice Potter (1858 – 1943) should not be confused with Helen Beatrix Potter (1866 – 1943), the well-known writer and illustrator of children’s books. Although they both lived at the same time, they were not related.

5.2 Peter George

Lawrence and Elizabeth’s second child and first son, Peter George was born on 10 June 1823 at Yew Tree Manor and christened on 6 July 1823 at St Mary the Virgin Church.14,24,27 He married Georgina Bevan (1832 – 1899) in 1851 in New York, America. She was the daughter of Eliza Tomkinson (1805 – 1880) and George Richard Bevan (1801 – 1865), a wine merchant.20,57,58

Peter George Heyworth was a businessman who is said to have earned 1000 pounds per week at one period and lost 200 000 pounds in one day. He drove the four miles into Liverpool each day in a carriage and his son, George Bevan Heyworth, used to ride on horseback beside him.20 At the time of his father’s death in 1872, Peter George was living in Liverpool, Lancashire. He inherited Yellow Tree House from his father.20,21 Peter George Heyworth died at the age of 57 years on 12 October 1880, West Derby.20

The couple had twelve children and they had porridge for breakfast every morning.20,57,58 They were Charles Lawrence (1852 – 1923), George Bevan (1 August 1855 – 14 July 1940), Blanche (1857 – 1938), Florence (1858 – 1944), Rosa (1860 – 1946), Frederick (1861 – 1955), Elizabeth (1863 – 1944), Lucy Georgina (1865 – 1939), Harold Ormerod (1868 – 1940), Wilfred (1870 – 1845), Lawrencina (1872 – 1941) and Helen Beatrice (1876 – 1953).58

5.3 John

He was born at Yew Tree Manor on 9 October 1824 and christened at the age of three months on 23 January 1825 at St Mary the Virgin Church. John’s older sister, Lawrencina was christened at the same ceremony as his.24,25,27 At the age of 26 years in 1851, John stilled lived with his parents at Rice House, West Derby, while working as a share broker.14 On 21 April 1857, when John was 33 years old, he married Emily Henrietta Crawshay (ca 1839 – 6 March 1895), daughter of Henry Crawshay (1812 – 1879) and Eliza Harris (1839 – 1895), in the St Peter Anglican parish church at Newnham (on Severn), Gloucestershire. John’s parents-in-law shared a similar story to his own parents. Henry Crawshay came from a wealthy upper-middle class family, and he himself became a respected and well-liked iron and mineral manufacturer and merchant, as well as a collier, who with firmness and reasonableness promoted the comfort and happiness of his employees. But his marriage to his wife was against his family’s wishes as she was from the lower class. After having had three illegitimate children, they finally married. They had a happy marriage from which thirteen children were born, but sadly Henry and Eliza were shunned from the rest of the Crawshay family.14,59-61John Heyworth became a merchant and landowner, and was fairly well-off, employing several servants at a time. The couple lived in or near Gloucester during the 1860s – their children were all born there – but by 1871, they had moved to London and resided at 5 Cornwell Terrace at Regent’s Park, Marylebone, London. A year later at the time of his father’s death in 1872, the family had moved into 18 Park Crescent, a residential complex that was also located within the Regent’s Park complex. By 1891, the couple retired to 17 Suffolk Square, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, where John Heyworth passed away at the age of 75 years on 29 September 1899 at Gloucester House, Lansdown Place, Cheltenham.14,21,62Their children were Emily Frances (14 May 1859, Abbots Wood, East Dean, Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire – 16 February 1914, Hereford House, Tenby, Pembrokeshire, Wales), Alice Maud (1860, Gloucester, Gloucestershire – ?) and Richard Crawshay (1862, Awre, Gloucestershire – ?).14,60

5.4 Elizabeth

Elizabeth was born at Yew Tree Manor on 19 October 1825 and christened on 25 November 1825 at St Mary the Virgin Church.24,27 She died in August 1831 just before she turned six years old.14

5.5 James Ormerod

James Ormerod was born at Yew Tree Manor on 22 July 1827 and christened on 6 January 1829 at St Mary the Virgin Church.24,27 He attended a school for boys called the Liverpool Mechanics’ Institute High School for Boys, which was founded in 1825. After completing his schooling, he continued with further studies at St John’s College at the University of Cambridge.14,63-65 James immigrated to the United States of America (USA) before the end of the nineteenth century. He settled in Chicago in the state of Illinois in the United States of America (USA) where he became a successful civil engineer. He later married Julia Francy Dimon (28 August 1843, Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA – 20 July 1926, Chicago). Together they had three children, namely James Ormerod jr. (12 June 1866, Chicago – 15 March 1928, Lake Forest, Illinois, USA), Lawrence (1870, Chicago – ?) and Frances Elizabeth (1873, Chicago – 1949, England).20,63,64,66

  • James Heyworth jr. married 28 year-old Martica Gookin Waterman (21 October 1874, Brooklyn, New York – ?) in 1902 in Conneticut.67 He became a building contractor and a partner at Christie, Lowe & Heyworth in Chicago from 1897 to 1903, before he went on his own. Among others, he has executed government contracts for jetties at Portuguese Arthur, Texas, and Fernandino, Florida. From 1 November 1917 onward,  James Heyworth jr. was a member of staff at the United States Shipping Board in Washington, in charge of wooden ship production.68
  • The second son, Lawrence Heyworth became a successful civil engineer. One of his legacies is the Heyworth Building at 29 Madison Street, which is a Chicago landmark. It opened in 1904. The construction of the building was supervised by Lawrence, on behalf of his father-in-law, Otto Young (1844 – 1906), a wealthy German-American real estate investor and wholesale jeweler who commissioned the building.20,69,70 From his first marriage to Lucilla Young, Lawrence had two children, called Gwendolyn and Otto. He married a second time to Marguerite Kallscheuer, with whom he had a son, Lawrence jr. (10 February 1921, Chicago – 2003). The latter’s daughter, Margaret “Maggie” Ellis (née Heyworth) still has in her possession two very valuable portraits of her great-great-grandparents, Lawrence and Elizabeth Heyworth.63The painting dates from 1831 and is still in its original frame.63 This painting is almost identical to the one at Hadspen House, with small differences introduced by the unknown artist(s).54,55,63
  • The third child and only daughter, Frances, was merely a year old when her father, James Heyworth sr. passed away in Chicago at the age of 47 years on 16 December 1874.63,64,66 At the age of 20, Frances married Sydney Rankin Heap (11 June 1866, Liverpool – 1957, Montgomery) in 1893 in the USA , and shortly thereafter returned with her husband to the United Kingdom. READ HERE the newspaper article about their wedding.66,71 The couple first resided in Liverpool before Sydney bought Mellington Estate near Montgomery in Wales in 1902. There they lived until Sydney’s death in 1957. The house, with its outbuildings and large surrounding parkland of 530 hectares, was sold in 1959 to the Evans family, and was developed into a hotel and holiday resort. READ MORE on the past life of Sydney and Frances Heap at Mellington House.72,73xxx
    Their one son, Sydney Heyworth “Syd” Heap (7 February 1902, England – 2000, Somerset West, Western Cape, South Africa) moved to South Africa possibly in the 1940s or 1950s.74 He previously owned the painting of his great-grandmother Elizabeth Heyworth (née Aked), which is now in possession of Maggie (Heyworth) Ellis.63

5.6 Lawrence

Lawrence jr. (II) was born at Yew Tree Manor on 15 February 1831 and christened on 16 March 1831 at St Mary the Virgin Church.24,27 He followed a military career. His wife was Rosina Kate Mortimer, a wealthy heiress, and together they had eleven children. One of their daughters, Eanswythe Elstrith Heyworth, married Dr Reginald Jamison and they became my husband’s great-grandparents. READ MORE on Lawrence Heyworth II.


  1. Lawrence Heyworth – the beginning of the South American connection. Extracted from History of the forest of Rossendale by Thomas Newbigging, 1893.
  2. Lawrence Heyworth.
  3. Greensnook House.
  4. Marriage of Lawrence Heyworth. England & Wales Marriages, 1538 – 1940. Database on-line. Provo, UT, USA, Operations Inc. : 2008.
  5. Marriage record of Lawrence Heyworth and Elizabeth Aked. Bishop’s Transcripts. Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754 – 1936, Liverpool, Lancashire, England.
  6. Lawrence Heyworth.
  7. Power loom.
  8. Life in 19th century Britain.
  9. The London Gazette, 2 January 1816 – 29 June 1816.
  10. Information and photo of pastel portrait received electronically in May 2019 from Amelia Brady of London, United Kingdom
  11. Bains, E. & Parson. W. 1825. History, Directory and Gazetteer of the County Palatine of Lancaster with a variety of commercial & statistical information. Vol 2. Longman, Hurst & Co.: London.
  12. The London Gazette, Part 1 (1 January – 27 June 1828).
  13. The Law Advertiser, Vol 9 (40), 6 October 1831.
  14. Heyworths. Census records of 1841, 1861, 1871 and 1891for England.
  15. Heyworth, Illinois.,_Illinois
  16. Walford, E. 1886 The county families of the United Kingdom; or, Royal manual of the titled and untitled aristocracy of England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland. Chatto & Windus: London.
  17. The Gentleman’s Magazine (London, England). Jul-Dec 1844, Vol 176, p424. John Bowyer Nichols and Son: London.
  18. Burke, B. 1884 The general armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales; comprising a registry of armorial bearings from the earliest to the present time. Harrison: London.
  19. Reaney, P.H. (& Wilson, R.M.) 1961. A dictionary of British surnames. 2nd Ed. Routledge and Kegan Paul: London
  20. Family notes compiled in 1965 by Alexander James Heyworth (1922 – 2010). Privately held by Tony Jamison, Randfontein, South Africa. Additional genealogical information provided on 27 January 2022 by James Heyworth-Taylor, great-grandson of Alexander James Heyworth
  21. Lawrence Heyworth. England & Wales, National Probate Calender (Index of Wills and Administration), 1858 – 1966. Database on-line. Provo, UT, USA, Operations Inc. : 2010. htpps://
  22. Family notes by Evelyn Mary Jamison. Privately held by Tony Jamison, Randfontein, South Africa
  23. Purchasing Power of British Pounds from 1270 to Present.
  24. A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  25. Baptismal records of Lawrencina and John Heyworth. Bishop’s Transcripts. Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813 – 1911, Liverpool, Lancashire, England.
  26. St Mary the Virgin and St James, West Derby.
  27. Baptisms at St Mary the Virgin in the District of West Derby, Liverpool in the Registers for the years 1813 – 1842.
  28. Richard Potter.
  29. Donnelly, S. 2015 Beatrice Webb – the early years. The London School of Economics and Political Science.
  30. Beatrice Webb.
  31. Catherine Courtney, Baroness Courtney of Penwith.,_Baroness_Courtney_of_Penwith
  32. Arthur Hobhouse.
  33. The Ormerods of Littlehouse in Gambleside.
  34. Robert During Holt.
  35. Alfred Holt.
  36. Leonard Courtney, 1st Baron Courtney of Penwith.,_1st_Baron_Courtney_of_Penwith
  37. Emily Hobhouse.
  38. Emily Hobhouse.
  39. D. Meinertzhagen. London remembers.
  40. Richard Meinertzhagen.
  41. Garfield, B.W. 2008 The Meinertzhagen Mystery. The life and legend of a colossal fraud. 1st Ed. Potonac Books, Inc.: Sterling, USA
  42. Harms, M.M. 6 May 2019. Ruffled feathers and Lawrence of Arabia.
  43. T.E. Lawrence.
  44. The friends of the Great Hall & Archive of St Bartholomew’s Hospital.
  45. Cripps, William Harrison (1850-1923) ) Plarr’s lives of the fellows online. Royal College of Surgeons.
  46. Charles Cripps, 1st Baron Parmoor.,_1st_Baron_Parmoor
  47. Henry Hobhouse (East Somerset MP).
  48. Hadspen House.
  49. Photo of the Hobhouse family with children and in-laws. National Portrait Gallery, London.
  50. Stephen Hobhouse.
  51. Hobhouse, Sir John Richard. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  52. Captain Paul Edward Hobhouse,. Find A Grave.
  53. South African owner to transform Hadspen House in Somerset into hotel. April 2018. The Hotel Property Team.
  54. Hadspen House. The Newt in Somerset.
  55. Information and photos received on 10 August 2020 from the archivist of Emily Estate, Kate Jarvis of Bruton, Somerset, England
  56. Sidney Webb, 1st Baron Passfield.,_1st_Baron_Passfield
  57. Georgina Bevan.
  58. Georgina Bevan (1832 – 1899).
  59. Marriage record of John Heyworth and Emily Crawshay. Bishop’s Transcripts. Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754 – 1938, Newnham, Gloucestershire, England.
  60. John Heyworth. Silk weavers and stay makers.
  61. Henry Crawshay (1812 – 1879).
  62. Death record of John Heyworth. Church of England Burials, 1813 – 1988, St Mary, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England.
  63. Heyworth Family Tree (dated 15 April 1990), additional information and photos received in February 2018, August 2020 and February 2021 from Maggie Ellis (née Heyworth) of Loxley, Alabama, USA, great-great-granddaughter of Lawrence and Elizabeth Heyworth
  64. James Heyworth.
  65. Liverpool Institute High School for Boys.
  66. Francis E. Heyworth (abt 1873).
  67. James Ormerod Heyworth, 1866  -1928.
  68. James Ormerod Heyworth.
  69. Heyworth Building.
  70. Otto Young.
  71. Wedding Announcement. The Inter Ocean Newspaper, Chicago, Illinois, Thursday, 12 October 1893, p 13.
  72. Mellington Hall Country Hotel and Caravan Park.
  73. Stamp Community Family. Brixton-Chrome Inc. Auctioneers.
  74. Record of birth, marriage and death of Sydney Heyworth Heap.